Common terms and brief explanation of the hottest

2022-08-23
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Common terms and brief explanations of equipment management

1. Equipment

equipment generally refers to the machinery and devices commonly used in production or production. It is the main component of fixed assets. It is the general name of material materials that can be used for a long time in industrial enterprises and basically maintain the original physical form in use

in mechanical system, equipment usually refers to mechanical and power production facilities

2. Equipment management

at present, the equipment management adopted and gradually implemented in China refers to the comprehensive management of the whole life of the equipment, that is, based on the business objectives of the enterprise, through a series of technical, economic and organizational measures, to plan, purchase (design, manufacture), install, use, maintain, repair, transform, and update the equipment. Equipment management includes two aspects: material movement and value movement of equipment

3. Production equipment

production equipment refers to the equipment that directly or indirectly participates in the production process. It is the main component of fixed assets of enterprise equipment. Production equipment mainly includes complete sets of equipment, systems, single machinery, devices and other tangible assets. The production equipment needs to be depreciated in the production cost to compensate for the material and technical losses suffered in the long-term use

4. Equipment planning

equipment planning includes two aspects: equipment management and new equipment setting planning. Equipment management planning refers to the medium and long-term (three or five years) and annual plans to improve the level of equipment management. New equipment setup planning refers to the new equipment setup, update and reform planning. Equipment planning is an important part of the overall planning of enterprise development, production and operation

5. Equipment integrated engineering

equipment integrated engineering refers to the research object of equipment life, which is the synthesis of management, finance, engineering technology and other practical activities applied to tangible assets, and its goal is to pursue economic life cycle costs

the activities of equipment comprehensive engineering include: formulating equipment reliability, maintainability requirements and reliability, maintainability design, as well as the installation, commissioning, maintenance, transformation and updating of various assets, and giving relevant information feedback

6. All staff production and maintenance (TPM)

tpm is a daily modern equipment management and maintenance system. It aims to achieve the highest comprehensive efficiency of equipment, establishes a whole system of production and maintenance aimed at the whole life of equipment, involving all departments such as the planning, use and maintenance of equipment, with the participation of all staff from the top leader to the front-line workers, and implements production and maintenance by * carrying out independent activities in groups, which can be summarized as: t all staff, the whole system Full efficiency, PM - production maintenance (including post maintenance, preventive maintenance, improved maintenance, maintenance prevention)

7. Economic life of equipment

economic life of equipment (also known as equipment value life) is to determine the service life of equipment according to the service cost of equipment (including maintenance cost and depreciation cost). It usually refers to the number of years with the lowest annual average service cost. Economic life is used to determine the best depreciation life and the best renewal time of equipment

8. Technical life of the equipment

the period during which the equipment has value in technology, that is, the entire experience period from the beginning of the use of the equipment to the elimination of the more technologically advanced new equipment. The length of the technical life depends on the speed of intangible wear and tear of the equipment

9. Equipment newness

equipment newness = book value/original value of equipment. Equipment newness reflects the old and new degree of enterprise equipment. In a certain sense, it reflects the technical level of enterprise equipment. With the continuous deepening of enterprise economic system reform, equipment newness has been used as a main index to evaluate the transformation and renewal of enterprise equipment

10. Equipment selection

equipment selection refers to the investigation, analysis and comparison of the purchase of equipment, according to the production process requirements and market supply, in accordance with the principles of advanced technology, reasonable economy and applicable production, as well as the requirements of reliability, maintainability, operability and energy supply

to determine the optimization scheme of the equipment

11. Technical and economic demonstration

technical and economic demonstration refers to the analysis, comparison and evaluation of equipment planning from two aspects of technology and economy according to the relationship between technology and economy, and the demonstration of the necessity, feasibility and economy of the scheme, so as to achieve the best combination of advanced technology and economic rationality and achieve the best economic benefits

12. Equipment operation procedures

refer to relevant regulations and procedures for operators to operate equipment correctly. The structure of various types of equipment is different, and the requirements for operating equipment will also be different. When preparing equipment operation procedures, the content requirements of the equipment instructions provided by the manufacturer should be the main basis

13. Equipment use regulations

equipment use regulations are relevant requirements and regulations for operators to use equipment. For example; Operators must be trained in the basic skills of equipment operation, pass the examination, and be issued with operation certificates and certificates for operation; Do not overload the equipment; Abide by the equipment shift system, etc

14. Equipment maintenance procedures

equipment maintenance process refers to the measures and precautions that workers must take to ensure the normal operation of equipment. For example, operators should check and refuel the equipment when they go to work, insist on cleaning the equipment when they go off duty, lubricate according to the requirements of lubrication chart, etc., and maintenance workers should carry out patrol inspection, regular maintenance and adjustment of the equipment

15. Planned pre repair system

the system of preventive daily maintenance, inspection and major, medium and minor repairs of equipment according to the repair plan, which was first established in the Soviet Union. It is a preventive repair plan with the repair cycle structure and repair complexity coefficient as the main pillars

16. Equipment maintenance plan

according to the actual start-up of the equipment, the technical status, monitoring data, the repair category of main parts, the position of the equipment in production, etc., different maintenance methods are adopted to formulate preventive countermeasures plan, which is a repair plan combining preventive and state

17. Hierarchical management of equipment

the principle of "hierarchical management" should be implemented in the field of equipment management. Key equipment that has a direct impact on the completion of national or local key tasks and key product plans should be carefully managed by the industry and local competent departments according to the division of labor. Equipment management plans, policies, regulations and rules involving the whole industry must be formulated in a unified manner, and the implementation must be inspected and supervised, Important technical and economic indicators and rules and regulations for equipment management must be formulated and inspected by the competent department of the industry

18. Combination of maintenance and planned repair

equipment maintenance refers to daily activities to maintain the specified functions of the equipment, and planned maintenance refers to all inspection and repair work to restore the specified functions of the equipment. (the maintenance plan is prepared according to the actual technical status of the equipment)

equipment maintenance and planned overhaul are an organic part of equipment maintenance. The two cannot be neglected. They should be reasonably arranged and closely combined to ensure that the equipment is in a good technical state

19. Combination of repair, correction and renewal

equipment repair refers to the technical activities carried out to restore the specified functions of the equipment, which is the partial compensation for the material loss of the equipment. Equipment transformation refers to the modification of the equipment in use with new technology, new structure and other parts

refers to the partial compensation for the technical loss of the equipment, and the update refers to the replacement of the original equipment with new equipment with advanced technology or excellent performance: go to the bottom compensation of Cher 1 and shore hardness (HS) = Brinell hardness (Bhn)/10 + 12 for the loss of the equipment

the combination of equipment repair, transformation and renewal can make the equipment give better play to economic benefits, and it is also the main method of equipment management and maintenance

20. Combination of professional management and mass management

the combination of professional management of equipment and mass management is the organizational form of implementing equipment management in China. Professional management refers to the comprehensive functional management of the enterprise equipment power system, mass management refers to the implementation of mass equipment management activities among operating workers, and the organizational form of the combination of professional management and mass management has been affirmed in practice

21. Combination of technical management and economic management

technical management refers to the general term of production technology organization and management work of enterprises. Economic management refers to the general term of management activities that use less human, material, financial and time to achieve greater results in social material production activities

in the life cycle of equipment, there are two forms of movement: physical movement and value movement. The control of the physical movement form belongs to the scope of technical management, and the control of the value movement form belongs to the scope of human economic management to avoid being injured by the splashing of the broken sample at the same time. The purpose of strengthening the equipment technology and economic management is to obtain the economic equipment life cycle cost, and the two must be closely combined

22. Equipment intactness

equipment intactness refers to equipment that meets the specified functions and is in good condition. The specific standards for equipment intactness are formulated by the competent departments of each industry according to the characteristics and general requirements of industry equipment, and reported to the National Economic Commission for filing as a unified standard for the internal inspection of equipment Intactness in the industry

23. Key equipment

enterprises determine the equipment that plays an important role in production according to their own production nature and requirements, and take these equipment as the focus of maintenance and management in order to ensure normal production. The key equipment will not remain unchanged for a long time after it is determined. It will be adjusted regularly with the change of the production structure, production plan and product process requirements of the enterprise

24. Sudden failures of equipment

random failures that cannot be predicted through prior testing or monitoring, and that have no obvious symptoms or development process in advance. The probability of failure has nothing to do with service time

25. Gradual failure of equipment

failure that can be predicted through prior testing or monitoring. The probability of failure is related to time. If the service time is too long, the probability of failure is higher, such as wear, corrosion, fatigue, aging, etc

26, three don't let go

three don't let go of major equipment accidents, and don't let go of unclear accident causes; Never let go of the accident and the masses without education; Don't let go without preventive measures. The purpose is to prevent the recurrence of similar accidents

27. Mean time between failure (MTBF)

mtbf analysis method refers to the time average of several times from the failure to the next failure of repairable equipment. Each enterprise applies MTBF analysis method to analyze how the "equipment is shut down for maintenance" occurs, and records all kinds of problems that occur and makes an analysis table, so as to find out the key points of "reducing maintenance work" and improve the reliability and maintainability of the equipment

28. Daily point inspection and regular inspection of equipment

daily point inspection refers to the equipment status management and maintenance method that the operator inspects the technical status of each part of the equipment according to the specified standards, focusing on the five senses. Regular inspection refers to the equipment status management and maintenance method that the maintenance worker comprehensively inspects and measures the performance and accuracy of the equipment with the five senses or instruments according to the specified inspection cycle

29. The "Five Disciplines" of using equipment

the "Five Disciplines" of using equipment refer to:

(1) use the equipment with the operation certificate and observe the safety operation procedures

(2) regular maintenance

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